A visit to Barkingside for the women who flew for Hitler

Melitta von Stauffenberg with fellow female pilot Elly Beinhorn at the international launch of Chigw

Melitta von Stauffenberg with fellow female pilot Elly Beinhorn at the international launch of Chigwell Airfield in 1938. They represented Germany. The swastika didn't have the same significance before the war. Picture: De Waal family - Credit: Archant

They knew each other and they loathed each other. That’s how award-winning author Clare Mulley describes her two latest, anti-heroines in her book The Women Who Flew for Hitler.

Clare Mulley has written about the only two women pilots who flew for Germany in the Second World Wa

Clare Mulley has written about the only two women pilots who flew for Germany in the Second World War - Credit: Archant

The Third Reich had just two women test pilots. Women were not allowed to join the Luftwaffe so officially they were civilians.

If they had been flying for the RAF, which did have female pilots, we might have said that the war couldn’t have been won without them. Perhaps without them, Hitler would have lost sooner.

They couldn’t have been more different. Pilot Hanna Reitsch was a Nazi to her bones and adored the Fuhrer.

At the end of the war she tried to persuade him to leave the bunker and let her fly him to freedom. She wanted to save his life.

Pilot Melitta von Stauffenberg was involved in the failed plot to kill him.

She even attended the opening of Chigwell aerodrome, in Forest Road, Barkingside, before the war.

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Melitta, who discovered that her father’s family was Jewish, made herself so indispensible to the German war effort that she managed to get “Equal to Aryan” status for herself and all her siblings.

Clare, who lives in Saffron Walden with her artist husband Ian Wolter and their three daughters, said: “Hanna and Melitta were both skilled engineers and pilots but that was all they had in common. When you look at women involved in the war, it’s a rich seam of untold stories.”

Her book details these women’s lives from early childhood and gives the setting for the lead-up to the Second World War and an insight into to what it meant to be German in the 1930s.

No one is born a Nazi. German life was uber civilised on the surface, a place of learning and science and music. Clearly it’s what’s under the uber that counts. In a sense, Hanna and Melitta were two women working in Hell. One of them had quite a taste for it and was enjoying holding the pitchfork the other was secretly shuddering.

Clare said: “This book is not designed to honour these women but to try to look at the other side and see how Hitler rallied them to use for his terrible purposes.

“They both won the Iron Cross. They were testing prototype machines. They both learnt to fly before the war and performed in displays at the 1936 Olympics and ended up on the opposite sides of history.”

In 1938, Melitta and another German woman pilot Elly Beinhorn were invited to Redbridge.

They were chosen to be the two German representatives at the grand opening of Chigwell aerodrome – also known as Fairlop aerodrome.

The airfield was put at the disposal that year of British Women’s Air Reserve.

Some 20,000 people immediately signed up for training courses and women were encouraged to enlist on equal terms with men.

It was used as a base for fighter pilots during the Second World War, who were battling the Nazis and Melitta and Hanna.

In fact Hanna and Melitta were more magnificient than the men in their flying machines.

Hana tested the Komet, a rocket powered plane that involved diving straight down causing the pilot to black out. She was able to come round again before hitting the ground.

As part of her research, Clare accessed the women’s handwritten letters and diaries. We have their testimony.

This is her third book, all biographies. Her first began on maternity leave for her first daughter, now aged 15. She was working for Save the Children and decided to research the life of the charity’s founder Eglantyne Jebb.

Called The Woman Who Saved Children, it won the Daily Mail Biography Club Prize, and meant Clare was able to become a full time writer, eventually producing this fascinating account.

The Women Who Flew For Hitler was published by Panmacmillan, and came out on June 29.